A. J. FREDRIKSON.
Patented Dec. 30
- lA/VE/VTOR WITNESSES:
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ANDRE? J. FREDRIKSON, OF GRAND RAPIDS, MICHIGAN.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters .Patent No. 443,986, dated December 30, 1890.
Application filed August 6, 1890. Serial No, 361,237. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, ANDREW J. FREDRIK- SON, a citizen of the United States, residing at Grand Rapids, in the county of Kent and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and usefulImprovements in Pocket-Lighters; and I do hereby declare the following to bea full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to improvements in the class of pocket-lighting devices which consist, essentially, of a continuous strip of combustible material having at intervals a small quantity of a compound adapted to take fire by friction and a box or case having devices adapted to fire said compound and separate a portion of said strip from the remainder.
The object of my invention is to provide a cheap and convenient device of the class described; and it consists of certain improvements more particularly described and claimed in what follows, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a perspective of a device embodying my invention, with the cover of the case removed; Fig. 2, a vertical section on the line X X of Fig. 3, with the strip L removed; Fig. 3, a plan or edge view of said device; Fig. 4,a plan or side view of the combustible strip L, and Fig. 5 an edge view of the same.
Like letters refer to like parts in all the figures.
Ais the case having the form of a short cylinder provided with a central post B, to which one head of said case is removably secured.
O and C are openings in the side of the case.
D is a spring on the outside of the case, having the igniting-pointE and the pressurefingers F at one end and the point G and hooks H at the other end. Said spring is secured in position by the engagement of said hooks with suitable holes in the case and by one end K of the spring Lwhich passes throng openings in said case A. and spring D.
The spring I is attached to the inner surface of the case A. One end secures the spring D, and the other end passes through the opening 0' and terminates in a point or hook J.
The strip L is of uniform cross section throughout, and consists of a continuous strip of paper or other suitable combustible material, and may be waxed or otherwise prepared. Said strip L has at regular intervals U shaped slits out longitudinally in the same, forming tongues M, upon the free ends of which are attached particles of material N, adapted to take fire by friction. Importance is attached to this construction of combustible strip, as the removed portion of the same has a forwardly projecting point narrower than its main part, and, as the igniting material is on said point, it is obvious that the quantity of said material necessary to properly ignite the strip is less than would be required if said point was not present, for in the latter case sufficient igniting material must be provided to insure the flame moving laterallyat first as well as longitudinally of the strip, which necessity by the use of a narrow projecting point or tongue having the igniting compound at its free end is obviated, asthe flame has then to move only longitudinally of said tongue until it reaches the base thereof, at which time it has gained headway or force. This construction thus results in a material decrease in the cost of the strip. Moreover, the point or tongue and opening beneath it is formed at a single operation, and thus requires no further time than is necessary to form the opening alone or a notch or notches to weaken the strip at its point of removal.
The operation of my device is as follows: The strip L is coiled and placed in the case with its central opening surrounding the post B, around which it revolves freely. The outer end of said strip L is passed through the open ing 0 and under the end of spring D, with its outer end against the hook J, the point E and fingers F pressing upon its outer surface and holding it in place. For inserting the said strip L in position, as described, the spring D can be removed by lifting it by the point G, thus withdrawing the hooks H, when it will slide toward the hook J and be released from the point K. Said springis replaced by pressing the middle down upon said point K and sliding it away from hook J until the hooks I-I re-engage the holes in the case A. If new the end of the strip L be grasped by the fingers and suddenly pulled it will be drawn out of the case, and as the'material N passes under the point E said material will be ignited thereby. The hook J, being depressed by the under side of L, will by the action of the spring I engage the opening under the tongue M and stop the further progress of the strip L, which being Weakest at the base of said tongue M Will be torn apart at that point, leaving in the grasp a portion of the strip L, having the burning material N at the end, which will ignite said portion, thus forming an ignited match for any desired purpose.
hat- I claim is 1. A strip of combustible material having at intervals along its length and lying within its body tongues having at their free ends particles of material adapted to take fire by friction, and openings beneath said tongues, substantially as described.
2. A cylindrical case having an opening in its periphery, a spring covering said opening and'having an igniting-point and pressurefingers, a stop or projection on the periphery of said case, and a strip of combustible material projecting through said opening, having at intervals particles of material ignited by frictional contact With said igniting-point, and .openings engaged by said stop or projection, all substantially as shown and de scribed.
3. A cylindrical case having an opening in its periphery, a spring covering said opening, having a point and fingers at its free end, hooksll, engaging holes in said case and secured by-a hook near its middle, substantially as described.
4. A case having openings, as C and O, igniting and pressure devices on said case, and a spring located Within said case and having its free end projecting through said opening C therein, in combination with a strip of combustible material having at intervals particles of material adapted to ignite by friction, and openings at corresponding intervals adapted to be engaged by said free end of the spring.
5. A case having openings, as O and C, a spring covering opening (1 and having igniting and pressure fingers at its free end, and a spring I, located within said case and having its free end projecting through opening 0 therein,:.in combination with a combustible strip located within said case and having one end projecting through opening 0, said strip having at intervals particles of material adapted to ignite by friction, and openings engaged by the projecting ends of spring I, all substantially as shown and described.
6. A cylindrical case having openings 0 and C,ta spring D, covering opening 0 and having a friction or igniting device at its free end, and a strip of combustible material having at intervals particles of material adapted to ignite by friction, and openings at corresponding intervals, in combination with a spring located Within said case, having one end projecting through an opening therein "and engaging said spring I) and its otherend projecting through opening 0 and engaging the openings in said combustible strip, all substantially as shown and described.
7. A case having an opening, as U, therein and a strip of combustible material located within said case, having one end project-ing through said opening therein. formed at intervals with openings and provided at corresponding intervals with particles of material adapted to ignite by friction, in combination with a spring covering said opening in the case and having at its free end an igniting finger, and pressure-fingers on opposite sides of said igniting-finger, and a stop projecting from said case and adapted to engage said openings in the combustible strip, substantially as shown and described.
8. A cylindrical case havinga slit in its periphery, a spring covering said slit and provided with pressure -.fingers and frictionpoint, a spring-stop projecting from the periphery of said case, a continuous strip of combustible material having at intervals tongues with openings underneath the same, and particles of material adapted to take fire by friction attached to said tongues, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
ANDREW J. FREDRIKSON.
DENNIS L. ROGERS, LoUTrtER V. Mounrox.